THE EARLIEST DOCUMENTED SETTLEMENT OF THE HOSTĚRADICE AREA DATES FROM ABOUT 6TH MILLENNIUM TO 4800 YEARS B.C. STONE TOOLS OF THE PEOPLE POSSESSING LINEAR POTTERY CULTURE FROM THAT PERIOD WERE FOUND IN THE FIELD ESTATE OF "TEICHMUHLEN" - TODAY´S "RYBNÍK" AND "U KRAVÍNA" ESTATES. THIS TERRITORY WAS ALSO CROSSED BY AN ANCIENT TRADE ROUTE, WHICH IS DOCUMENTED BY THE SIGNIFICANT FIND OF A BRONZE STORE IN THE SCHRANKENFELD ESTATE, TODAY CALLED "ZA VRBÁKEM" FIELD ESTATE.
The first written mentions of Hostěradice come from the early 2nd millennium. Of the three originally separate villages of Hostěradice, Chlupice and Míšovice the first mentioned is Hostěradice, acquired by the Louka Monastery under Moravian Margrave Vladislav in the period 1197-1222. The name of Hostěradice comes from village of Hostěrad people. In the sources the village is also cited as Hostěhradice, i.e. a "castle for guests". The Teutonic Order was donated part of Hostěradice in 1237 from the owner of the whole village, the Bohemian King Václav I. Members of the famous order mostly came from Lower Austria and were protected by the reigning family. Their biggest income already was from selling wine at that time. The order was present at Hostěradice until 1486.
The people of Hostěradice built underground corridors for protection against sudden attacks. The corridors were built as continuations of older, identical underground structures. The corridors still exist under Hostěradice, mainly on the hill, while in the middle on the hill they are already filled in. Local legend has it that the underground should also conceal a buried gold pipe organ from the Hostěradice church. Those who knew of its hiding place lost their lives. The legend maintains that the organ is buried underground until this very day.
VOLNÉ POLE VINEYARD ESTATE
"Volné pole" Vineyard Estate is situated at 270 to 330 metres above sea level on the right while journeying from Miroslav to Hostěradice. With about 150 hectares, it is the largest vineyard in the Znojmo region. Thanks to the black clay-sand soil, including weathered amphibolites over loess from the Kulm sandstone of the Bohemian Massive, southern and south-eastern exposure on the slopes and the forest protecting the place from the north, the estate is mainly favoured by varieties such as Grüner Veltliner, Rhine Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon as well as Saint Laurent and Zweigeltrebe.
The vineyards above Hostěradice, however, also bear grapes of less common varieties such as Alibernet, Blauburger, Dornfelder or Merlot. Volné pole is a Category 1 vineyard estate, with the grapes growing at temperatures with an annual mean of 8.8°C and annual volume of precipitation above 500mm.
The highest spot height: Miroslavský vrch hill, 339 m above sea level
The lowest spot height: 268 m above sea level