ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS FROM THE SURROUNDINGS OF HRÁDEK DOCUMENT HUMAN SETTLEMENT SINCE THE PREHISTORIC ERA. THERE ARE ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS FROM THIS PLACE DATING FROM THE STONE, IRON AND BRONZE AGES.
The Thaya River became the southern boundary of the newly established Přemyslid Kingdom. Bohemian Prince Břetislav I, ruling from 1034 - 1055, had a chain of fortified settlements built on the Thaya River’s crossings, including "NAGRADKA" castle. The first written record of this name in the historical sources dates from 1045. The year 1046 is connected with the first written record of the Romanesque Rotunda of St. Ulrich, close to the existing Church of St. Peter and Paul. In 1342 Hrádek is already mentioned as a township. In 1785 Hrádek was granted the privilege of annual market organisation.
The grapevine growing tradition dates back to 11th century, with the first written mention of Hrádek vineyards dating from 1052. The local vineyard estates include Vinohrady, Ke Křídlůvkám and Pustina. In the late last century, viticulture began to stagnate in this region. The break-up of the state-owned farm and the especially cruel frosts of the mid 1990s, when most vineyards of the cadastral area were wiped out by the sub-zero temperatures, was a heavy blow for local viticulture.
After 2000 the situation has slowly been improving - young vintners have been establishing new vineyards with integrated production and introducing modern technologies of wine production. The local Grüner Veltlinerand Moravian Muscat, the dominant varieties of this area, have become synonymous with excellence among experts and consumers alike.
VINOHRADY KE KŘÍDLŮVKÁM VINEYARD ESTATE
The 1990s were not very favourable for local viticulture, as most vineyards were wiped out by frost. After 2000, viticulture began to develop here again. The vineyard of Vinohrady ke Křídlůvkám welcomed the Rhine Riesling variety, although other plantations show a greater prevalence of Grüner Veltlinerand Moravian Muscat. Vines are grown here at 195 to 203 metres above sea level, and the mean annual temperature is 9°C.
The geological origin of the local soils is characterised by gravel sand terraces of the Thaya River and loess from the Carpathian Valley. The name of the vineyard includes the word "vineyards" plus the local geographical name. Křídlůvky is a village neighbouring Hrádek and is situated about 20 kilometres south-east of Znojmo.
The highest spot height: 200 m above sea level
The lowest spot height: 200 m above sea level